Varices or dilatations of the superficial veins of the lower leg can cause problems like the tired leg syndrome apart from being aesthetically unpleasing. At the same time, if not treated, they can develop into severe illnesses of the veins such as THROMBOPHLEBITIS (inflammation/thrombosis of the veins) or venous ulcers with risk of bleeding and superficial damage to the skin. Also, the insufficient venous return of the large Saphenous vein can cause pain, cramps as well as pins and needles in the legs after short periods of activity.
Diagnosing varicose veins requires an examination using echography or phlebography, to test the function and size of the veins and their location. We then use distinct types of treatments to eliminate them. If they are large in size the best option is very often surgery, consisting of stripping the vein in total. In some cases a new and very comfortable technique can be used which consists of introducing a fine catheter through a tiny incision, the end of which emits laserlight to the walls of the vein, leading to its obliteration. It is not painful and in a few days you can continue your normal activities.
If the veins are smaller a common alternative is sclerotherapy, the sclerosis of the veins by injection of a pharmaceutical product to obliterate the vein. Generally it is a treatment used alongside conventional surgical treatment/laser. Lastly, for small varicosities (e.g. spider veins) that present a merely aesthetic issue, transcutaneous laser can be used on the skin. Therefore, the pathology of the venous system requires diagnosis by a specialist to determine the correct treatment.
Spider veins are most commonly located on the face and legs. In contrast, varicose veins tend to be localized on the backside of the calf or along the inside of the leg. Although physicians do not fully understand the cause of spider and varicose veins, they do attribute factors such as genetics, weight gain, and hormonal fluctuations associated with pregnancy, birth control pills, and hormone replacement therapy, as well as sitting or standing for extended periods of time.
Banish Unsightly Varicose Veins with a Simple Procedure. Ocean Clinic Marbella is delighted to announce the appointment of Dr. Gonzalez, a specialist in vascular surgery, who will be treating patients with varicose and spider veins.
Varicose veins affect around 20% of the population here in Spain. They can appear anywhere on the body, but most commonly they appear on the legs. Many suffers feel ashamed to show their legs and cover up with long skirts and trousers, but the condition can be easily treated with minimally invasive surgery.