The cumulative effects of the sun, age, and smoking make the skin appear wrinkled and thin. In addition, abnormal cells may grow and multiply, creating unsightly spots or in some cases, skin cancers. Luckily for us, the skin is unique in its ability to regenerate itself. The normal pace of regeneration, however, is slow and does not prevent the accumulation of abnormal and damaged skin cells. A more efficient way of ridding the body of those abnormal cells and replacing them with «new» skin is to «peel» off the top layers of skin. The body then replaces these layers with new skin that is healthier and younger looking.
Mechanical peels work by «rubbing off» the top layers of skin. Older methods used a pumice stone. Dermabrasion with rotating devices also enjoyed popularity. More recently even salons have started using systems that «sandblast» the skin. How well these methods work is highly technician dependent. Chemical peels work by putting a chemical on the skin that reacts with and breaks up the top layers of skin (epidermis). Examples of this are the «fruit acid» peels, «TCA/Bluepeel» peel, «Obagi blue peel», etc.
Depending on the nature and concentration of the chemicals used these peels can strip off only very superficial layers of skin or they can go deep into the skin, providing a real lifting effect which can replace in selected patients surgical lifting procedures. Laser Resurfacing works by vaporizing layers of skin and can penetrate deeper into the skin. Depending on the type of laser, there can be heating of the tissues underneath the top layers of skin that will also affect how the skin regenerates. Laser resurfacing can yield a longer lasting result, but often comes along with a very prolonged redness of the regenerated skin.
Before any deep peeling procedure the skin has to be prepared during 4-6 weeks with creams which degrease and homogenize the skin. This is done by the patient at home and has no side effects except some flaking of the skin. After the peeling, the patient needs to plan 1 week at home while the skin regenerates, during this time, a powder mask is protecting the face. After the powder mask has come off (1 week), the patient will already be able to see the result and to apply make-up, but a temporary redness of the skin is present and will subside gradually over the next 6-8 weeks.
Due to a potential arrhythmic effect of the peeling substances, patients with severe heart diseases or heart rhythm problems can't be treated. As well any active inflammation process of the skin like active acne or herpes are contraindications, those patients need to completely cure this affliction before undergoing the peeling treatment.
In some rare cases hyper or hypo pigmentation of a treated area can occur and must be treated afterwards. In people with very thin skin there can be a tendency for scars, so that every patient interested in a deep peeling procedure must be seen by a specialist before undergoing the treatment to evaluate that risk.
The procedure rejuvenates the skin and sets aging back a couple of years, but of course does not stop the aging process. After a couple of years, wrinkles will gradually reappear and the treated are will age again. If wanted, a peeling procedure can be repeated after a 5-10 of years.
Phenol Deep Peel Full Face performed by Dr Kaye Ocean Clinic Marbella.
Deep Chemical Peel with Baker-Gordon Formula of Phenol Peel performed by Dr Kaye Ocean Clinic Marbella.
Deep Facial Peeling with Exopeel® (Baker's formula phenol) performed by Dr Kaye Ocean Clinic Marbella.
Deep Chemical Peel with Baker-Gordon Phenol Peel (Exopeel®) performed by Dr Kaye Ocean Clinic Marbella.
Deep peels generally produce the most dramatic results of any type of chemical peel. Deep peels are usually performed using phenol, which is also known as carbolic acid. Phenol is the strongest acid used to perform a chemical peel. While phenol can be used in its pure form, it may be mixed with water, soap, olive oil, or croton oil to increase the effectiveness of treatment.
Medium peels generally produce more dramatic results than superficial peels, because they penetrate more deeply into the layers of the skin. Medium peels are usually performed using what is known as trichloroacetic acid, which may be used with Jessner's solution or glycolic acid to improve treatment results. Like superficial peels, treatment results depend on the concentration of trichloroacetic acid applied during the procedure. This is because solutions with a higher concentration penetrate more deeply into the skin. Although individuals with dark complexions are at an increased risk for skin discoloration, medium peels can be used successfully on individuals with fair and olive complexions. One of the most common types of chemical peels, medium peels are a safe, effective method of treating fine to moderate lines, pigmentation abnormalities, acne scars, and blotchiness of the skin.
Superficial peels are the mildest form of chemical peel treatment. Superficial peels are usually performed using alphahydroxy acids, and in some instances betahydroxy acids. Alphahydroxy acids are naturally occurring acids which include glycolic acid, lactic acid, and fruit acids, while betahydroxy acids include salicylic acid. You may be familiar with glycolic acid and salicylic acid, as they are often key ingredients in facial creams and astringents. Although the concentration of acid may vary depending on the extent of treatment, the acids used to perform superficial peels are not as harsh as other chemical peels. In fact, low concentrations of alphahydroxy acids are often mixed with facial creams or washes that can be used as part of a daily facial care routine to maintain a youthful appearance. With little downtime, superficial peels are a safe, effective method of treating fine lines, pigmentation abnormalities, acne scars, and persistent dry skin.
Laser resurfacing, which is also known as laser peeling, is an effective facial rejuvenation technique that can produce long-lasting results. Over time, factors such as sun damage, heredity, diet, and repetitive muscle movement contribute to the formation of lines and wrinkles in the face. Additionally, the development of pigmentation anomalies, such as “age spots,” or acne scars can cause skin to lose its smooth, youthful appearance.
In this video Dr Kai Kaye explains the Deep Peeling Procedure. Dr Kaye from Ocean Clinic Marbella with Elena Paganini from Marbella Cool TV about the procedure, results and the risks of Deep Peeling. Chemical peels work by putting a chemical on the skin that reacts with and breaks up the top layers. Deep Peeling is a Non Surgical or Non Invasive Treatment and is performed on an out-patient basis with little or no recovery time.
This interview took place at Ocean Clinic Marbella in 2013.
In general, a deep peel is most suited to aged, deeply lined, sun damaged, acne scarred or otherwise marked skin.
Yes, for instance a peri-oral deep peel is an excellent way of treating “smokers lines” around the mouth.
Immediately after the peel your skin will look very red but smooth and unlined. The redness fades over the following days and weeks to leave soft, blemish-free skin.
Yes you can, but you must protect your “new” skin with Factor 50 Sun Protection at all times when outdoors.
Depending on skin quality, lifestyle, sun exposition etc 6-10 years.
We all know that sun exposure can cause brown freckles to appear on our skin, but did you know too much sun can also cause white spots to develop?
A chemical skin treatment lets you peel back the years without the need for invasive surgery.